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Gretchen Stuart, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Objective: Although immediate post-placental IUD insertion is considered safe and effective, later postpartum insertions have been discouraged. We conducted this study to assess acceptability and feasibility of conducting a clinical trial to investigate insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) 10 minutes to 48 hours after vaginal delivery. Methods: Prospective clinical study of women enrolled ...Read more >

Shannon Criniti, PhD, MPH, Drexel University

Women now account for 26% of all new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the US, with 80% of those infections caused by heterosexual transmission. As women with HIV live longer lives and have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy, their fertility desires have been found to be similar to those of women without HIV. Women who may have ...Read more >

Patricia Lohr, MD, MPH, BPAS

In the United Kingdom, guidance from the Department of Health and Royal College of Nursing encourages “sensitive disposal” of fetal tissue after pregnancy loss, stating that individuals should be given verbal and written information on their options and the ability to participate in shared decision-making about management of fetal remains. This guidance was developed in ...Read more >

Jeanelle Sheeder, PhD, MSPH, University of Colorado

Background: American adolescents are at higher risk for pregnancy than adolescents in other industrialized nations. Most know how to obtain and use contraceptives and deny they want babies. However, many do not use contraception because they are either ambivalent or indifferent about pregnancy. These states can develop in two different situations: when young women feel ...Read more >

Shana Judge, JD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

This study examines the impact of state parental involvement laws on pregnant minors who seek abortions, focusing on the laws’ effect on fetal gestational age at the time of the procedure. The study uses a regression discontinuity design to analyze individual-level data on induced abortions reported to the National Center for Health Statistics by 14 ...Read more >

Diane Morof, MD, MSc, University of Zimbabwe

Background: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), Mirena, which prevents pregnancy for 5-7 years, has been determined to be highly effective, safe and well tolerated in the majority of users. Acceptability studies of the LNG-IUS in Zimbabwe have not been completed. Zimbabwean women have a need for access to long-term contraception that is safe, effective and ...Read more >

Megan Kavanaugh, DrPH, MPH, Guttmacher Institute

Abortion patients, by definition, represent a population at high risk for additional unintended pregnancies and abortions: among women having abortions in the US in 2002, about one-half had already had a prior abortion. Abortion patients continue to have difficulty using contraceptive methods consistently and effectively. Improving providers’ efforts to provide contraceptive services during abortion care ...Read more >

Lynn Borgatta, MD, MPH, Boston Medical Center

This project is a randomized controlled trial of two methods of cervical preparation before second trimester surgical abortion at between 14 and 16 weeks. During this period of pregnancy, cervical preparation is usual, but not uniform, and there are two methods of cervical preparation commonly used. One is the insertion of osmotic dilators, usually performed ...Read more >

Gina Secura, PhD, Washington University in St. Louis

Background: Few studies have examined women’s values and preferences about contraception. Interventions that assist women with contraceptive decision making have potential to increase value-concordant decisions and improve continuation and satisfaction, thereby decreasing unintended pregnancy. In this study, we used a mixed-methods approach to identify the values and preferences important to women in contraceptive decisions with ...Read more >

Tracy Weitz, PhD, MPA, University of California, San Francisco

Background: Ultrasound in the context of abortion care has been the target of many state level regulations. At the time of this report 14 states are considering bills that would require abortion providers to perform ultrasounds and/or offer fetal images and heart tone sounds to patients. Already 19 states have enacted such laws, with the ...Read more >