Joseph Potter, PhD, University of Texas at Austin

This project will assess the unmet demand for female sterilization in a sample of Mexican origin oral contraceptive users, as well the factors underlying that demand and the availability of this method of contraception in El Paso, Texas. It will build on the research findings and infrastructure of the project “Border Contraceptive Access Study,” in ...Read more >

Alison Edelman, MD, MPH, Oregon Health & Science University

Objective: To determine the effect of the prostaglandin endoperoxide-synthase 2 (PTGS2) inhibitor celecoxib on ovulation and luteal events in women. Study Design: Randomized double-blind crossover design. Ovulatory reproductive-aged women underwent ovarian ultrasound and serum hormone monitoring during four menstrual cycles (control cycle, treatment cycle 1, washout cycle, treatment cycle 2). Subjects received study drug (oral ...Read more >

Jessica Kiley, MD, Northwestern University

Background and Rationale: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates 3-7% of pregnancies in the US and increases affected women’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of GDM is increasing in tandem to rising rates of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Since unintended pregnancy in women with pre-diabetes and diabetes imposes substantial maternal and fetal ...Read more >

Courtney Schreiber, MD, MPH, University of Pennsylvania

We developed a web-based database to track patients in the Penn Family Planning and Pregnancy Loss Center at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. The patients to identify are individuals coming to our clinic for induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, and contraceptive consultation. The database is almost completed; we anticipate final completion by the end ...Read more >

Gretchen Stuart, MD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Objective: Although immediate post-placental IUD insertion is considered safe and effective, later postpartum insertions have been discouraged. We conducted this study to assess acceptability and feasibility of conducting a clinical trial to investigate insertion of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) 10 minutes to 48 hours after vaginal delivery. Methods: Prospective clinical study of women enrolled ...Read more >

Shannon Criniti, PhD, MPH, Drexel University

Women now account for 26% of all new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the US, with 80% of those infections caused by heterosexual transmission. As women with HIV live longer lives and have access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapy, their fertility desires have been found to be similar to those of women without HIV. Women who may have ...Read more >

Jeanelle Sheeder, PhD, MSPH, University of Colorado

Background: American adolescents are at higher risk for pregnancy than adolescents in other industrialized nations. Most know how to obtain and use contraceptives and deny they want babies. However, many do not use contraception because they are either ambivalent or indifferent about pregnancy. These states can develop in two different situations: when young women feel ...Read more >

Diane Morof, MD, MSc, University of Zimbabwe

Background: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), Mirena, which prevents pregnancy for 5-7 years, has been determined to be highly effective, safe and well tolerated in the majority of users. Acceptability studies of the LNG-IUS in Zimbabwe have not been completed. Zimbabwean women have a need for access to long-term contraception that is safe, effective and ...Read more >

Megan Kavanaugh, DrPH, MPH, Guttmacher Institute

Abortion patients, by definition, represent a population at high risk for additional unintended pregnancies and abortions: among women having abortions in the US in 2002, about one-half had already had a prior abortion. Abortion patients continue to have difficulty using contraceptive methods consistently and effectively. Improving providers’ efforts to provide contraceptive services during abortion care ...Read more >

Gina Secura, PhD, Washington University in St. Louis

Background: Few studies have examined women’s values and preferences about contraception. Interventions that assist women with contraceptive decision making have potential to increase value-concordant decisions and improve continuation and satisfaction, thereby decreasing unintended pregnancy. In this study, we used a mixed-methods approach to identify the values and preferences important to women in contraceptive decisions with ...Read more >