Amanda Dennis, MBE, Ibis Reproductive Health

Background: Epilepsy affects an estimated 800,000 women aged 15-44 in the US, making it the most common neurological disorder in women of reproductive age. Informed family planning decision making is a critical component of this population’s overall health and quality of life because some medications used to treat epilepsy can reduce the efficacy of popular ...Read more >

Alison Norris, MD, PhD, Johns Hopkins University

Objectives: The objective of this study was to complete research about contraception and the consequences of unwanted pregnancy in Zanzibar, and to disseminate research findings to in-country champions, policy-makers and practitioners. Methods: This multi-method study in the semi-autonomous archipelago region of Zanzibar, Tanzania included five components: semi-structured group discussions with men and women in five ...Read more >

Paula Bednarek, MD, MPH, Oregon Health & Science University

Background: Increasing accessibility of long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, like intrauterine devices (IUDs), is an important strategy to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy. Unfortunately, concerns about pain with insertion is one of the major barriers to IUD use, especially among nulliparous women. To increase acceptance of this highly effective contraceptive, there is need to investigate ...Read more >

David Eisenberg, MD, MPH, Washington University in St. Louis

Objective: To determine the timing of insertion of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), post-placental versus interval, that results in the highest rate of LNG-IUS in place by exam at 6-months. Materials and Methods: A randomized control trial of women >36 weeks gestation who underwent vaginal delivery of a singleton and desired LNG-IUS for contraception. Women ...Read more >

Chelsea Polis, PhD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University

Introduction: Sayana Press, a subcutaneous formulation of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) prefilled in a Uniject syringe, could potentially improve and expand contraceptive injection services, but acceptability of Sayana Press is unknown. HIV-positive women have a particular need for family planning to avoid unintended pregnancy and risk of vertical transmission. We assessed acceptability of Sayana Press ...Read more >

Aileen Langston, MD, MPH, University of British Columbia

Objective: To evaluate whether having IUDs, contraceptive implants, and injections immediately available to women undergoing abortion compared to requiring an additional visit for these methods leads to fewer repeat pregnancies and repeat abortions in the following 12 months. Methods: We conducted a historical cohort study with de-identified data from the health records of women obtaining ...Read more >

Megan Kavanaugh, DrPH, MPH, Guttmacher Institute

Americans have an “undermet” need for contraception: While most have access to modern methods, not all use a method that may be ideal for their particular life circumstance, resulting in substantial numbers of unintended pregnancies. The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC), such as IUDs and implants, has been identified as one potentially effective way ...Read more >

Deborah Bartz, MD, MPH, Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts

Background: Over one quarter of reproductive-age women experience migraine, a condition disabling over 12 million American women annually. Hormonal contraception (HC), used by 20 million women, may cause or aggravate migraine, leading to contraceptive discontinuation. However, scientific evidence linking HC and migraine is poor. Objectives: To estimate incidence of headache due to hormonal contraception use ...Read more >

Abbey Berenson, MD, University of Texas at Austin

Purpose: This study examined whether 15-19 year old IUD users were more likely to experience complications, failure, or early discontinuation than older users and whether there were differences between users of levonorgestrel-containing IUDs (LNG-IUS) and copper-containing IUDs (CuT380A). Scope: Many US providers remain reluctant to prescribe intrauterine devices (IUDs) to teenagers due to concerns about ...Read more >

David Turok, MD, MPH, University of Utah

The objective of this research project is to use qualitative and quantitative research methods to investigate women’s ambivalence about committing to long-term contraception when they present for EC and to assess how the selection of the copper IUD versus oral LNG for EC affects future use of an effective method of contraception. The aims of ...Read more >