Shana Judge, JD, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

This study examines the impact of state parental involvement laws on pregnant minors who seek abortions, focusing on the laws’ effect on fetal gestational age at the time of the procedure. The study uses a regression discontinuity design to analyze individual-level data on induced abortions reported to the National Center for Health Statistics by 14 ...Read more >

Lynn Borgatta, MD, MPH, Boston Medical Center

This project is a randomized controlled trial of two methods of cervical preparation before second trimester surgical abortion at between 14 and 16 weeks. During this period of pregnancy, cervical preparation is usual, but not uniform, and there are two methods of cervical preparation commonly used. One is the insertion of osmotic dilators, usually performed ...Read more >

Tracy Weitz, PhD, MPA, University of California, San Francisco

Background: Ultrasound in the context of abortion care has been the target of many state level regulations. At the time of this report 14 states are considering bills that would require abortion providers to perform ultrasounds and/or offer fetal images and heart tone sounds to patients. Already 19 states have enacted such laws, with the ...Read more >

Katharine White, MD, MPH, Columbia University

Objectives: To evaluate the safety and relative effectiveness of two common techniques to achieve fetal asystole prior to second trimester surgical termination of pregnancy. Methods: We recruited 268 women age 18-42 years who desired surgical pregnancy termination between 20 and 24 weeks gestation at a single Planned Parenthood in Los Angeles. Participants were randomly assigned ...Read more >

Gillian Dean, MD, MPH, Planned Parenthood of New York City

Approximately 140,000 second trimester abortions are performed in the US each year. Second trimester abortion is most commonly performed by a technique known as dilation and evacuation. Clinicians use digoxin, a drug commonly used for cardiac conditions, to facilitate pregnancy termination in the late second trimester. When injected into the fetus or amniotic fluid, digoxin ...Read more >

Deborah Bartz, MD, MPH, Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts

Background: Globally there is a dearth of access to safe second trimester abortions. Preoperative cervical ripening improves the safety of these procedures. Prior clinical and pharmacokinetic studies suggest misoprostol and Dilapan-S are effective for faster cervical ripening, allowing early second trimester abortions to be performed in a single day. However, it is unknown which agent ...Read more >

Rebecca Allen, MD, MPH, Women and Infants Hospital

Objective: To explore women’s preferences for pain control during first-trimester surgical abortion. Methods: This was a qualitative study that employed pre- and post-operative semi-structured individual interviews to understand women’s decision making process surrounding pain control for first-trimester surgical abortion. Interviews were taped, transcribed, and are being independently coded by two study investigators to establish a ...Read more >

Eleanor Drey, MD, EdM, University of California, San Francisco

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety of two routes and doses of digoxin before later second-trimester abortion by dilation and evacuation through an assessment of maternal systemic digoxin absorption, cardiac rhythm and coagulation parameters. Study Design: Pregnant women at between 19 and 23 weeks’ gestation received either 1.5 mg digoxin ...Read more >

Lisa Harris, MD, PhD, University of Michigan

This pilot project will explore the experiences of workers who directly perform and assist with abortion work at a Midwest Planned Parenthood affiliate, and evaluate a self-care intervention designed for them. In general, the physicians, nurses, counselors and surgical assistants who do abortion work are inspired by feminist ideals and their deep desire to make ...Read more >

Bliss Kaneshiro, MD, MPH, Oregon Health & Science University

In 2002, there were 1.29 million induced abortions in the US. Indeed, induced abortion has been cited as the most common surgical procedure in the US. Because of its commonality, clinicians who provide this service are sometimes faced with the dilemma of performing a surgical procedure on women who are anticoagulated. While first trimester surgical ...Read more >