Leanne Free, MD, University of Colorado

We propose a single-site, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial of lavender aromatherapy versus placebo for patient satisfaction in adult women having a surgical abortion before 10 weeks and 0 days gestation. We will evaluate whether lavender aromatherapy is an effective adjunct therapy for patient satisfaction during first trimester surgical abortion. We will measure satisfaction using the ...Read more >

Mack Goldberg, MD, University of Pittsburgh

myTIPreport, a web-based trainee feedback platform, has been adopted for use by all Fellowship in Complex Family Planning (CFP) sites. This evaluation tool has been validated for providing feedback for both procedures and milestones in Obstetrics and Gynecology four-year residency programs and a three-year subspecialty, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery. Given the shorter timeframe ...Read more >

Aneesh Gupta, MD, University of California, Los Angeles

With the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic exacerbating the already existing problem of access to abortion-care across the United States, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends making no-test abortion more widely available to patients that qualify. Instead of the standard steps prior to undergoing a medical abortion, which typically include a physical ...Read more >

Andrea Henkel, MD, Stanford University

Breast pain following second-trimester abortion is common. Breast engorgement and milk leakage following second-trimester perinatal loss and abortion can cause both physical pain and emotional distress. Dopamine agonists have previously been shown to be effective in lactation inhibition for third-trimester fetal/neonatal loss or contraindications to breastfeeding. In a head-to-head trial, cabergoline was more effective with ...Read more >

Alison Lutz, MD, University of Michigan

Dilation and evacuation (D&E) is the safest and most common method of second trimester abortion. D&E’s safety depends largely on sufficient cervical preparation which traditionally has been done with osmotic dilation. Adequate dilation can be achieved quickly with Dilapan-S allowing for same day procedures, even in the mid-second trimester. Recently, however, the cost of Dilapan-S ...Read more >

Rithika Mathias, MD, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Housing insecurity continues to be a pervasive issue throughout the United States, with numbers projected to increase due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Families in particular continue to be a growing segment of the homeless population. In New York City women are the “head of the household” in ninety-three percent of homeless families. Research shows homeless ...Read more >

Hillary McLaren, MD, University of Chicago

The HPV vaccine has the ability to eradicate cervical cancer, but many people are making it to adulthood without completing the recommended vaccine series. A focus of public health efforts has been to vaccinate these patients when they interface with the healthcare system. We recognize the abortion visit as such a time. Education and a ...Read more >

Marit Pearlman Shapiro, MD, MPH, University of Hawaii

Hemorrhage is the most common complication of dilation and evacuation (D&E). Prophylactic tranexamic acid has shown been shown to reduce maternal mortality from postpartum hemorrhage with no adverse effects, but has not been studied to reduce bleeding complications with D&E. We propose a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study to determine whether routine use of intravenous ...Read more >

Charita Roque, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University

Racial inequities in maternal health, although present over centuries, have worsened in the last several decades. Despite growing interest in racial disparities in maternal health, little research has examined disparities in abortion practice specifically. One of the challenges of tracking abortion complications is the overall low complication rate. Cited complication rates of surgical abortions range ...Read more >

Isa Ryan, MD, Northwestern University

Little is known about patients’ experiences of grief after abortion for fetal indications or pregnancy complications in the second trimester. The typical grief response is a process of expected distress during the acute grief period with a transition to integrated grief marked by the development of healthy coping skills and acceptance of the loss. While ...Read more >