Samantha Baer, MD, ScM, Yale-New Haven Medical Center

Background: The 2019 APGO Medical Student Educational Objectives state that medical graduates should be able to provide non-directive, non-judgmental pregnancy options counseling. However, only 30% of U.S. medical schools include any teaching about options counseling in their preclinical curricula and little evidence is available about best practices for teaching options counseling. Based on the theory ...Read more >

Courtney Baker, MD, MPH, University of California, Davis

Background: In Texas, abortion is legal through 20 weeks; exceptions past this gestational age include “severe fetal abnormalities.” Abortion counseling in the setting of lethal or severely morbid fetal anomalies may be performed by Maternal-Fetal Medicine specialists (MFMs) in settings without Family Planning specialists (FPs), as is the case in many places in Texas. MFMs ...Read more >

Jennifer Chin, MD, University of Washington

Ketamine is commonly used for procedural sedation and analgesia. It is widely used for trauma cases in the emergency department and is considered a superior agent in the outpatient setting due to its lack of respiratory and cardiovascular depression. In chronic opioid users, ketamine decreases acute pain and reduces postoperative opioid consumption. Few studies have ...Read more >

Lara Crystal-Ornelas, MD, University of California, San Francisco

Medical education relies on patient consent to provide trainees with the experiences to become competent doctors and ensure future access to healthcare. Abortion care in the United States is uniquely stigmatized, politicized, and has ongoing barriers to access, including a lack of new providers in training. Obtaining consent for trainee participation in a patient-centered manner ...Read more >

Leanne Free, MD, University of Colorado

We propose a single-site, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial of lavender aromatherapy versus placebo for patient satisfaction in adult women having a surgical abortion before 10 weeks and 0 days gestation. We will evaluate whether lavender aromatherapy is an effective adjunct therapy for patient satisfaction during first trimester surgical abortion. We will measure satisfaction using the ...Read more >

Mack Goldberg, MD, University of Pittsburgh

myTIPreport, a web-based trainee feedback platform, has been adopted for use by all Fellowship in Complex Family Planning (CFP) sites. This evaluation tool has been validated for providing feedback for both procedures and milestones in Obstetrics and Gynecology four-year residency programs and a three-year subspecialty, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery. Given the shorter timeframe ...Read more >

Aneesh Gupta, MD, University of California, Los Angeles

With the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic exacerbating the already existing problem of access to abortion-care across the United States, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends making no-test abortion more widely available to patients that qualify. Instead of the standard steps prior to undergoing a medical abortion, which typically include a physical ...Read more >

Andrea Henkel, MD, Stanford University

Breast pain following second-trimester abortion is common. Breast engorgement and milk leakage following second-trimester perinatal loss and abortion can cause both physical pain and emotional distress. Dopamine agonists have previously been shown to be effective in lactation inhibition for third-trimester fetal/neonatal loss or contraindications to breastfeeding. In a head-to-head trial, cabergoline was more effective with ...Read more >

Alison Lutz, MD, University of Michigan

Dilation and evacuation (D&E) is the safest and most common method of second trimester abortion. D&E’s safety depends largely on sufficient cervical preparation which traditionally has been done with osmotic dilation. Adequate dilation can be achieved quickly with Dilapan-S allowing for same day procedures, even in the mid-second trimester. Recently, however, the cost of Dilapan-S ...Read more >

Rithika Mathias, MD, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Housing insecurity continues to be a pervasive issue throughout the United States, with numbers projected to increase due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Families in particular continue to be a growing segment of the homeless population. In New York City women are the “head of the household” in ninety-three percent of homeless families. Research shows homeless ...Read more >